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亚愽游戏网页|业内人士热议“体教融合”:要让体育成为最好的教育
发布时间:2021-10-03 01:56:01

Recently, Xinhua News Agency published the article "Breaking Barriers, Protecting Rights, and Focusing on Development-Industry Insiders Hotly Discussing "Opinions on Deepening the Integration of Sports and Education to Promote the Healthy Development of Adolescents"", interviewed a number of professionals, hotly talking about the integration of sports and education Reform and other topics.

近日,新华社发表了《突破壁垒,维护权利,着力发展产业内幕》,热烈讨论《关于深化体育教育融合促进青少年健康发展的意见》,采访了多位专业人士,热烈谈论体育教育改革一体化等话题。

The State Sports General Administration and the Ministry of Education have recently jointly issued the "Opinions on Deepening the Integration of Sports and Education to Promote the Healthy Development of Adolescents" (hereinafter referred to as the "Opinions"). The "Opinions" involved hot topics such as "sports entering the middle school and college entrance examination", "sports school reform" and other social hot topics. "Strong pertinence" and "Break through the bottleneck" are comments frequently heard by reporters during interviews. "Looking for landing" and "Expanding the future" have become common aspirations.

国家体育总局和教育部近日联合发布了《关于深化体育教育一体化促进青少年健康发展的若干意见》(以下简称《意见》)。 《意见》涉及“体育进入中学,高考”,“体育学校改革”等社会热点话题。记者在采访中经常听到“强烈的针对性”和“突破瓶颈”的评论。 “寻找着陆”和“扩大未来”已成为人们的共同愿望。

According to the "Opinions", the two departments will work together to deeply integrate the teaching system, training system, competition system and other aspects, and rationally optimize the resources of all parties. One of the highlights of the "Breaking the Wall" of the "Opinions" is to merge the sports traditional sports school in the sports department with the sports special school in the education department to become a sports traditional school.

根据《意见》,两部门将共同努力,深化教学体系,培训体系,竞赛体系等方面的整合,合理优化各方资源。 《意见》“破墙”的亮点之一是将体育部门的体育传统学校与教育部门的体育特殊学校合并,成为体育传统学校。

In this regard, Han Dongqing, principal of Shenzhen Cuiyuan Middle School, feels deeply: “Schools for specialty programs still have to be relatively concentrated. If sports talents are scattered in too many schools, the selection of talents is very troublesome. Taking football as an example, there are no strong teammates in collective events. No matter how talented it is, it’s hard to play out.

在这方面,深圳翠园中学校长韩东庆深有感触:“专业课程学校仍然必须相对集中。如果体育人才散布在太多的学校中,那么人才的选择就会很麻烦。以足球为例,没有集体活动中的强队友。无论多么有才华,都很难发挥出来。

As early as 2014, Cuiyuan Middle School started the "Cuiyuan Model" that combines sports and education under the operation of the football club mechanism. It has become one of the front runners in China's campus football education, but it has also faced "there is no place to use it" for a long time. There is a situation where the game cannot be played.

早在2014年,翠园中学就在足球俱乐部机制的运作下,将体育与教育结合起来,启动了“翠园模式”。它已成为中国校园足球教育的领跑者之一,但长期以来也面临着“无处可使用”的局面。存在无法玩游戏的情况。

"One time I participated in the U series and I couldn't come back to participate in a campus football game. This time the "Opinions" mentioned that it is very good to open up the competition system of the two departments." Han Dongqing said that he hopes there will be more high-quality games in the future. .

“有一次我参加了U系列比赛,而我又回不来参加校园足球比赛了。这一次,《意见》提到开放两个部门的比赛制度是非常好的。”韩东庆说,他希望将来会有更多高质量的游戏。 。

For Li Lei, a physical education teacher at No. 121 Primary School in Urumqi, Xinjiang, the high-quality competition he is looking forward to is just around the corner.

对于新疆乌鲁木齐市第121小学的体育老师李磊来说,他期盼的高质量比赛即将来临。

"The principals and coaches of many of our municipal football schools are discussing plans to conduct campus league matches, but (previously) there are concerns about the mode of running the game." Li Lei said, "The document clearly proposes to encourage the organization of school games in spare time. , Organizing inter-school competitions on weekends gives us the confidence to organize competitions and can focus more on solving specific issues such as venues and referees."

“我们许多市政足球学校的校长和教练正在讨论进行校园联赛的计划,但是(以前)人们对比赛的运行​​方式感到担忧。”李磊说:“该文件明确提出鼓励在业余时间组织学校运动会。在周末组织学校间比赛使我们有信心组织比赛,并且可以更加专注于解决场地和裁判等具体问题。”

In addition to breaking through the barriers between the two departments, the "Opinions" mentioned in the "Opinions" that the Ministry of Education and the State Sports General Administration jointly formulated measures such as the admission standards for social sports clubs to enter the campus, which also set up a smoother for social sports organizations and campuses. Bridge of cooperation.

除了打破两个部门之间的壁垒外,《意见》中提到的《意见》还提到教育部和国家体育总局共同制定了社会体育俱乐部进入校园的准入标准等措施。这也为社交体育组织和校园搭建了一个更流畅的环境。合作的桥梁。

"As a practitioner, I am very happy to see the "Opinion". It is a beacon." Yang Fu, general manager of Weifang Mavericks Football Club, said that the club has 73 coaches and cooperates with more than 30 elementary schools, integrating sports and education. Under the background of deepening, with policy support and the introduction of standards, the promotion of professional football education into campus activities will receive more support from schools and parents.

“作为一名从业者,我很高兴看到“意见”。这是一个信标。”潍坊小牛足球俱乐部总经理杨福说,该俱乐部有73名教练,并与30多家小学合作,将体育和教育融为一体。在不断深化的背景下,在政策支持和标准引进的推动下,将职业足球教育推广到校园活动中将得到学校和家长的更多支持。

Whether to enter a higher school or to enter a professional team is a dilemma for many students with specialties in sports when they are in high school or even junior high school.

对于许多运动专业的学生来说,在高中甚至初中时,进入高中还是进入专业团队都是一个难题。

According to Lu Zhiyong, deputy director of the Hefei Sports Bureau, the "Opinions" put forward the research and formulation of the evaluation of students with specialties in sports, guarantees for further education, and clearly promote the construction of national teams and provincial teams to link up the construction of high-level sports teams in colleges and universities. It can effectively solve the problems of sports talents entering schools and losing talents.

合肥市体育局副局长陆志勇表示,《意见》提出了体育专业学生评价的研究与制定,为继续教育提供了保障,并明确推动了国家队和省队的建设。连接高校高水平运动队的建设。可以有效解决体育人才入学流失的问题。

"Especially for collective projects. The children had a school team in a school at the beginning, but they were scattered when they arrived in junior high school, and high schools were even more scattered. Now the sports department and the education department are jointly promoting to encourage the establishment and improvement of a'one-stop' talent system in various places. The advancement of sports talents provides a guarantee." Lu Zhiyong said.

“特别是用于集体项目。孩子们最初在学校里有一个校队,但是他们到达初中时分散了,而高中则更加分散。现在,体育部门和教育部门正在共同促进鼓励各地建立和完善“一站式”人才体系,体育人才的发展提供了保证。”陆志勇说。

On the premise of guaranteeing higher education, the "Opinions" also put forward higher cultural requirements for relevant sports talents. In this regard, Wang Zongping, director of the Business Research Center of Nanjing University of Science and Technology, explained: “Athletes’ learning in school does not reduce cultural requirements and takes supplementary lessons to extend school hours. This is in line with international standards. In the past, athletes participated in competitions. Athletes convert their athletic performance into credits at school. Now that the “not lowering academic standards” in the document requires student athletes to meet the same academic requirements as other students in order to achieve better cultural accumulation."

《意见》在保证高等教育的前提下,对相关体育人才提出了更高的文化要求。在这方面,南京科技大学商业研究中心主任王宗平解释说:“运动员在学校的学习并不能降低文化要求,因此需要补充课程以延长上课时间。这符合国际标准。过去,运动员参加比赛。运动员将他们的运动表现转化为学分。现在,文档中的“不降低学术水平”要求学生运动员与其他学生达到相同的学术要求,以实现更好的文化积累。”

The "Opinions" also put forward exact safeguards for the rights and interests of another major subject of the integration of sports and education-physical education teachers in terms of training mechanism and treatment.

《意见》还就体育和教育体育教师一体化的另一个主要课题的培训机制和待遇提出了确切的保障措施。

Li Bin, a physical education teacher at Baotou Railway Experimental Primary School in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, said that the physical education teachers in the school basically have 15 physical education classes a week, and the more can reach 18. If you include the school team training on weekdays, the class hours are more. The Opinions puts forward practical solutions to problems such as increased burdens of physical education teachers and lack of reward mechanisms, which are "timely rain" for grassroots physical education teachers.

内蒙古自治区包头铁路实验小学的体育老师李斌说,学校的体育老师基本上每周有15个体育课,而且可以达到18个。如果包括校队,在工作日进行培训,上课时间更多。 《意见》针对体育教师负担增加,奖励机制不足等问题提出了切实可行的解决方案,这对于基层体育教师来说是“适时下雨”。

At the end of 2019, the news that Yunnan Province raised the high school entrance examination sports scores to 100 points was hotly searched. Behind the equal performance of physical education classes with "extra-linguistics", it reflects the society's importance to sports to promote the all-round development of young people and make sports the best. Gradually deepen the understanding of good education and other aspects.

2019年底,云南省将高考体育成绩提高到100分的消息备受关注。在体育课与“额外语言学”表现均等的背后,它反映了社会对体育运动的重要性,以促进青年人的全面发展,并使体育成为最好的运动。逐步加深对良好教育的认识等方面。

The "Opinions" proposes to include physical education subjects in the scope of junior and senior high school level examinations, into the subjects for scoring in the middle school entrance examination, scientifically determine and gradually increase the scores, and initiate the use of physical literacy in college enrollment. Wang Zongping said that the most direct effect of sports entering the middle school and college entrance examination is that schools and parents pay attention to sports, which has a certain leading role, but at the same time, attention should be paid to increasing the difficulty and distinction.

《意见》建议将初中和高中水平考试范围内的体育科目纳入中学入学考试的计分科目,科学确定并逐步提高分数,并开始使用体育素养。大学入学率。王宗平说,体育进入初中和高考的最直接影响是学校和家长重视体育,具有一定的领导作用,但同时要注意增加难度和难度。区别。

"If 90% of children can get 98 points and 99 points, then there will be no motivation and distinction." Wang Zongping said.

“如果90%的孩子能获得98分和99分,那么就不会有动力和区别。”王宗平说。

In addition, Wang Zongping also mentioned the significance of highlighting the three major balls in the "Opinions". "Football and volleyball are collective events, which are conducive to cultivating team awareness, organizational skills, and awareness of rules compliance, highlighting having fun, improving personality, and tempering will." Wang Zongping said, "I usually say that some physical education classes are now three There is no physical education, no difficulty, no intensity, no confrontation, and these three items are precisely difficult, strong and confrontational."

此外,王宗平在《意见》中还提到了突出三大球的重要性。 “足球和排球是集体活动,有助于培养团队意识,组织能力和规则遵从意识,强调娱乐,提高个性和锻炼意志。”王宗平说:“我通常说现在一些体育课是三门课,没有体育,没有难度,没有强度,没有对抗,而这三个项目恰恰是困难,强大和对抗性的。”

In addition to the top-level design, how to make the policy "take root" in a better and faster way is also one of the focuses of everyone's attention.

除了顶层设计之外,如何更好,更快地使策略“扎根”也是每个人关注的焦点之一。

Wu Gang, former deputy director of the Inner Mongolia Sports Bureau and vice chairman of the Inner Mongolia Football Association, believes that the implementation of the policy is focused on "guaranteeing physical education classes", and the premise of "guaranteeing physical education classes" is the understanding of the primary school principals and educational administrative departments. "It is recommended that the basic-level principals and the heads of the basic-level education administrative departments explain in detail the importance of relevant policies and implementation in the form of training courses. Only when they understand the ideas can they ensure that the physical education class is carried out in accordance with the quality and quantity, and there is a basis for continued development. ."

内蒙古体育局原副局长,内蒙古足协副主席吴刚认为,该政策的实施重点是“保证体育课”,而“保证体育课”的前提是对小学校长和教育行政部门的了解。 “建议基层校长和基层教育行政部门负责人以培训班的形式详细说明有关政策和实施的重要性。只有了解了这些想法,他们才能确保身体健康。教育班是按照质量和数量进行的,并且有继续发展的基础。”

Xu Zhongxiang, director of the Department of Sports, Health, and Arts of the Yunnan Provincial Department of Education, believes that strengthening safety management and improving the exemption mechanism are necessary conditions for the smooth implementation of the policy. “Strengthen school sports safety management, distinguish the responsible subjects, improve the emergency plan for school sports activities, and explore the introduction of third parties Institutional disposal mechanism to “untie” the school’s physical education teachers, principals and managers.”

云南省教育厅体育健康与艺术系主任徐忠祥认为,加强安全管理和完善豁免机制是顺利实施该政策的必要条件。 “加强学校体育安全管理,区分责任主体,完善学校体育活动的应急计划,并探索引入第三方机构处置机制,以“团结”学校的体育教师,校长和管理人员。”

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